Laravel 9 CRUD with Datatable using Ajax Example


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 | Published By: Admin | Published On: May 13, 2022 | Category: Laravel 9

Hi Dev,

In this Tutorial, I will learn you step-by-step ajax crud operations in laravel 9 with modal & pagination. we will engender jquery ajax crud with modals using datatables js in laravel 9. we will simply and easily write jquery ajax request for crud with yajra datatable laravel 9.

Now, We will utilize the bootstrap modal for create new records and update new records. we will utilize resource routes to create a crud (create read update delete) application in laravel 9. We will utilize yajra datatable to list a record with pagination, sorting, and filter.

I will provide you step by step guide to engender ajax crud example with laravel 9. you just require to follow a few steps to get CRUD with modals and ajax. you can easily use it with your laravel 9 project and easy to implement and customize it.

Step 1: Download Laravel

Let us begin the tutorial by installing a new laravel application. if you have already created the project, then skip the following step.

composer create-project laravel/laravel example-app
Step 2: Database Configuration

In the second step, we will create database configuration for the example database name, username, password, etc for our crud application of laravel 9. So let's open the .env file and fill in all details like as below:

.env
DB_CONNECTION=mysql
DB_HOST=127.0.0.1
DB_PORT=3306
DB_DATABASE=here your database name(blog)
DB_USERNAME=here database username(root)
DB_PASSWORD=here database password(root)
Step 3: Install Yajra Datatable

So, We require you to install yajra datatable composer package for datatable, so you can install utilizing the following command:

composer require yajra/laravel-datatables-oracle

After that you need to set providers and alias.

config/app.php
.....
'providers' => [
    ....
    Yajra\DataTables\DataTablesServiceProvider::class,
]
'aliases' => [
    ....
    'DataTables' => Yajra\DataTables\Facades\DataTables::class,
]
.....
Step 4: Create Migration Table

Now In the fourth step we are going to engender ajax crud application for the product. so we have to create migration for "products" table using Laravel 9 php artisan command, so first fire bellow command:

php artisan make:migration create_products_table --create=products

After fire this command you will find one file in the following path "database/migrations" and you have to put the below code in your migration file to create the products table.

database/migrations/2021_05_29_102325_create_products_table.php
<?php
 
use Illuminate\Support\Facades\Schema;
use Illuminate\Database\Schema\Blueprint;
use Illuminate\Database\Migrations\Migration;
  
class CreateProductsTable extends Migration
{
    /**
     * Run the migrations.
     *
     * @return void
     */
    public function up()
    {
        Schema::create('products', function (Blueprint $table) {
            $table->bigIncrements('id');
            $table->string('name');
            $table->string('price');
            $table->text('details');
            $table->timestamps();
        });
    }
  
    /**
     * Reverse the migrations.
     *
     * @return void
     */
    public function down()
    {
        Schema::dropIfExists('products');
    }
}
Step 5: Create Model

Ok, so after run the bellow command you will find "app/Product.php" and put the below content in the Product.php file:

php artisan make:model Product
app/Models/Product.php
<?php

namespace App\Models;

use Illuminate\Database\Eloquent\Factories\HasFactory;
use Illuminate\Database\Eloquent\Model;

class Product extends Model
{
    **
     * The attributes that are mass assignable.
     *
     * @var array
     */
    protected $fillable = [
        'name',
        'price',
        'details',
    ];
}

Now you have to run this migration by the following command:

php artisan migrate
Step 6: Create Route

Here, we require to integrate resource route for product ajax crud application. so open your "routes/web.php" file and add the following route.

routes/web.php
<?php

use App\Http\Controllers\ProductController;

/*
|--------------------------------------------------------------------------
| Web Routes
|--------------------------------------------------------------------------
|
| Here is where you can register web routes for your application. These
| routes are loaded by the RouteServiceProvider within a group which
| contains the "web" middleware group. Now create something great!
|
*/

Route::resource('product',ProductController::class);
Step 7: Create Controller

In this 7th step, now we should create new controller as ProductController. So run bellow command and create new controller.

php artisan make:controller ProductController --resource

So, let's copy bellow code and put on ProductController.php file.

app/Http/Controllers/ProductController.php
<?php

namespace App\Http\Controllers;

use Illuminate\Http\Request;
use App\Models\Product;
use Illuminate\Support\Facades\DB;
use DataTables;


class ProductController extends Controller
{
    /**
     * Write code on Method
     *
     * @return response()
     */
    public function index(Request $request)
    {
        if ($request->ajax()) {
            $data = Product::latest()->get();
            return Datatables::of($data)
            ->addIndexColumn()
            ->addColumn('action',function($row){
                $btn = '';
                $btn = $btn.' ';

                return $btn;

            })
            ->rawColumns(['action'])->make(true);

        }

        return view('productajax');
    }   

    /**
     * Store a newly created resource in storage.
     *
     * @param  \Illuminate\Http\Request  $request
     * @return \Illuminate\Http\Response
     */
    public function store(Request $request)
    {
        $input = $request->all();
        Product::updateOrCreate($input);        
   
        return response()->json(['success'=>'Product saved successfully.']);
    }
    /**
     * Show the form for editing the specified resource.
     *
     * @param  \App\Product  $product
     * @return \Illuminate\Http\Response
     */
    public function edit($id)
    {
        $product = Product::find($id);
        return response()->json($product);
    }

    /**
     * Remove the specified resource from storage.
     *
     * @param  \App\Product  $product
     * @return \Illuminate\Http\Response
     */
    public function destroy($id)
    {
        Product::find($id)->delete();
     
        return response()->json(['success'=>'Product deleted successfully.']);
    }
}
Step 8: Create Blade Files

In last step. In this step, we have to create just a blade file. so we need to create only one blade file as a productajax.blade.php file.

So let's just create the following file and put the below code.

resources/views/productajax.blade.php
<!DOCTYPE html>
<html lang="en">
<head>
    <meta charset="UTF-8">
    <meta name="viewport" content="width=device-width, initial-scale=1.0">
    <title>Document</title>
    <meta name="csrf-token" content="{{ csrf_token() }}">
    <script src="https://ajax.googleapis.com/ajax/libs/jquery/1.9.1/jquery.js"></script>  
    <link rel="stylesheet" href="https://cdnjs.cloudflare.com/ajax/libs/twitter-bootstrap/4.1.3/css/bootstrap.min.css" />
    <link href="https://cdn.datatables.net/1.10.16/css/jquery.dataTables.min.css" rel="stylesheet">
    <link href="https://cdn.datatables.net/1.10.19/css/dataTables.bootstrap4.min.css" rel="stylesheet">
    <link rel="stylesheet" href="https://cdnjs.cloudflare.com/ajax/libs/font-awesome/5.15.3/css/all.min.css" 
    <script src="https://cdnjs.cloudflare.com/ajax/libs/jquery-validate/1.19.0/jquery.validate.js"></script>
    <script src="https://cdn.datatables.net/1.10.16/js/jquery.dataTables.min.js"></script>
    <script src="https://stackpath.bootstrapcdn.com/bootstrap/4.1.3/js/bootstrap.min.js"></script>
    <script src="https://cdn.datatables.net/1.10.19/js/dataTables.bootstrap4.min.js"></script>
    <script src="https://cdnjs.cloudflare.com/ajax/libs/bootbox.js/4.4.0/bootbox.min.js"></script>
</head>
<body class="bg-light">
    <div class="container mt-3">
        <div class="row">
            <div class="col-md-12">
                <div class="row">
                    <div class="col-md-12">
                        <h4 class="text-center">Laravel 9 Ajax CRUD Tutorial using Datatable - MyWebTuts.com</h4>
                    </div>
                    <div class="col-md-12 mb-4 text-right">
                        <a class="btn btn-success" href="javascript:void(0)" id="createNewProduct"> <i class="fas fa-plus"></i></a>
                    </div>
                    <div class="col-md-12">
                        <table class="table table-hover table-bordered data-table">
                            <thead class="bg-secondary text-white">
                                <tr>
                                    <th>#</th>
                                    <th>Name</th>
                                    <th>Price</th>
                                    <th>Details</th>
                                    <th>Action</th>
                                </tr>
                            </thead>
                            <tbody>
                            </tbody>
                        </table>
                    </div>
                </div>
            </div>
        </div>
    </div>

    <div class="modal fade" id="ajaxModel" aria-hidden="true">
        <div class="modal-dialog">
            <div class="modal-content">
                <div class="modal-header">
                    <h4 class="modal-title" id="modelHeading"></h4>
                </div>
                <div class="modal-body">
                    <form id="productForm" name="productForm" class="form-horizontal">
                    <input type="hidden" name="product_id" id="product_id">
                    <div class="form-group">
                        <label for="name" class="col-sm-2 control-label">Name</label>
                        <div class="col-sm-12">
                            <input type="text" class="form-control" id="name" name="name" placeholder="Enter Name" value="" maxlength="50" required="">
                        </div>
                    </div>
                    <div class="form-group">
                        <label for="price" class="col-sm-2 control-label">Price</label>
                        <div class="col-sm-12">
                            <input type="text" class="form-control" id="price" name="price" placeholder="Enter Price" value="" maxlength="50" required="">
                        </div>
                    </div>
                    <div class="form-group">
                        <label class="col-sm-2 control-label">Details</label>
                        <div class="col-sm-12">
                            <textarea id="detail" name="details" required="" placeholder="Enter Details" class="form-control"></textarea>
                        </div>
                    </div>
      
                    <div class="col-sm-offset-2 col-sm-10">
                        <button type="submit" class="btn btn-primary" id="saveBtn" value="create">Save changes</button>
                    </div>
                </form>
                </div>
            </div>
        </div>
    </div>
</body>

<script>
    $(function(){
        $.ajaxSetup({
            headers:{
                'X-CSRF-TOKEN': $('meta[name="csrf-token"]').attr('content')
            }
        });

        var table = $('.data-table').DataTable({
            processing: true,
            serverSide: true,
            ajax: "{{ route('product.index') }}",
            columns : [
                {data:'DT_RowIndex',name:'DT_RowIndex'},
                {data:'name',name:'name'},
                {data:'price',name:'price'},
                {data:'details',name:'details'},
                {data: 'action', name: 'action', orderable: false, searchable: false},
            ]
        });

        $('#createNewProduct').click(function () {
            $('#saveBtn').val("create-product");
            $('#product_id').val('');
            $('#productForm').trigger("reset");
            $('#modelHeading').html("Create New Product");
            $('#ajaxModel').modal('show');
        });

        $('body').on('click', '.editProduct', function () {
            var product_id = $(this).data('id');
            $.get("{{ route('product.index') }}" +'/' + product_id +'/edit', function (data) {
            $('#modelHeading').html("Edit Product");
            $('#saveBtn').val("edit-user");
            $('#ajaxModel').modal('show');
            $('#product_id').val(data.id);
            $('#name').val(data.name);
            $('#price').val(data.price);
            $('#detail').val(data.details);
            })
        });

        $('#saveBtn').click(function (e) {
            e.preventDefault();
            $(this).html('Sending..');
        
            $.ajax({
                data: $('#productForm').serialize(),
                url: "{{ route('product.store') }}",
                type: "POST",
                dataType: 'json',
                success: function (data) {
                    $('#productForm').trigger("reset");
                    $('#ajaxModel').modal('hide');
                    table.draw();
                },
                error: function (data) {
                    console.log('Error:', data);
                    $('#saveBtn').html('Save Changes');
                }
            });
        });

        $('body').on('click', '.deleteProduct', function (){
            var product_id = $(this).data("id");
            var result = confirm("Are You sure want to delete !");
            if(result){
                $.ajax({
                    type: "DELETE",
                    url: "{{ route('product.store') }}"+'/'+product_id,
                    success: function (data) {
                        table.draw();
                    },
                    error: function (data) {
                        console.log('Error:', data);
                    }
                });
            }else{
                return false;
            }
        });
    });
</script>
</html>

Run Laravel App:

All steps have been done, now you have to type the given command and hit enter to run the laravel app:

php artisan serve

Now, you have to open web browser, type the given URL and view the app output:

http://localhost:8000/product
Output:

It will help you...

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